Consonants: /θ/ & /ð/

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neenah neenah
Posts: 7
Joined: Thu Dec 12, 2019 2:40 am

Consonants: /θ/ & /ð/

Post by neenah neenah »

The difference between /θ/ and /ð/ is that /ð/ is voiced and /θ/ is not. They share a single, common spelling th. These sounds are paired together often because they take the same mouth position. Th is unvoiced, meaning, only air passes through the mouth, and th is voiced, meaning you make a sound with the vocal cords.
How to pronounce th? The tongue is flattened and tense, and its tip is between the upper and lower teeth, forming a narrow flat gap between the cutting edge of the upper teeth and the surface of the front edge of the tongue. The tip of the tongue comes through the teeth, the best, thanks, th, th, this, this is... Try to mimic when you watch the next video.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I7M6aKv6BdA
Since both /θ/ and /ð/ are spelled as th, it’s difficult to say for sure when to use one or the other.

How to pronounce /θ/? Put your tongue behind your upper teeth, slightly protruding between them. Then let the air pass and you’ll hear the hissing noise that constitutes the /θ/. This sound is voiceless and you don't produce it using your throat.
thumb /θʌm/
thought /θɔːt/
thank /θæŋk/
think /θɪŋk/
month /mʌnθ/
health /helθ/
thick /θɪk/
three /θriː/
thrust /θrʌst/
through /θruː/
thong /θɒŋ/
thing /θɪŋ/
third /θɜːd/
wealth /welθ/
strength /streŋθ/
mirth /mɜːθ/
death /deθ/
thrum /θrʌm/
eighth /eɪtθ/
thane /θeɪn/
thug /θʌɡ/
thud /θʌd/
thrall /θrɔːl/
thread /θred/
tooth /tuːθ/
faith /feɪθ/
fourth /fɔːθ/
tenth /tenθ/
math /mæθ/
kith /kɪθ/
Thirty-three thousand and thirty thinkers thought thirty-three thousand and thirty thoughts.
Three therapists threw three thermometers in three thick thickets of thorny thistle.
The song of Rolling Stones "The - Under My Thumb" is in time here.
Under my thumb
The girl who once had me down
Under my thumb
The girl who once pushed me around
It's down to me
The difference in the clothes she wears
Down to me, the change has come,
She's under my thumb...

How to pronounce /ð/? To produce this sound, place your tongue between your top and bottom teeth and push the air out. This sound is voiced and you produce it with your throat.
that /ðæt/
teethe /tiːð/
this /ðɪs/
lithe /laɪð/
loathe /ləʊð/
bathe /beɪð/
breathe /briːð/
scythe /saɪð/
the /ðiː/
seethe /siːð/
they /ðeɪ/
with /wɪð/
thee /ðiː/
lathe /leɪð/
thy /ðaɪ/
other /ˈʌð.ər/
them /ðem/
soothe /suːð/
there /ðeər/
whether /ˈweð.ər/
those /ðəʊz/
mother /ˈmʌð.ər/
father /ˈfɑː.ðər/
brother /ˈbrʌð.ər/
neither /ˈniː.ðər/
worthy /ˈwɜː.ði/
leather /ˈleð.ər/
then /ðen/
together /təˈɡeð.ər/
another /əˈnʌð.ər/
These brothers bathe with those brothers, those brothers bathe with these brothers.
These clothes are rather for the southern weather, those clothes are rather for the northern weather.
The song of Blondie “One Way Or Another” can help you to practice.
One way or another, I'm going to find ya
I'm gonna get ya, get ya, get ya, get ya
One way or another I'm going to win ya
I'm gonna get ya, get ya, get ya, get ya
One way or another I'm gonna see ya
I'm gonna, meet ya, meet ya, meet ya, meet ya
One day, maybe next week, I'm gonna meet you
I'm gonna meet ya, I'll meet ya...
Attachments
th sound.mp3
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virtualmod
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Posts: 2928
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2019 8:31 am

Re: Consonants: /θ/ & /ð/

Post by virtualmod »

Visualization of English sounds here.
https://soundsofspeech.uiowa.edu/
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